By Bill Meixner

 Early  in  the summer of 1929, Cleveland buzzed with excitement about the National Air Races scheduled to come to town. Mr. Lee Clegg
of Thompson Products was approached by a volunteer worker of the National Air Races to ask if Thompson Products Co. would provide a trophy for one of the many races being held for the first time in Cleveland. Clegg and Ray Livingstone looked over the list of races needing a trophy and discovered that, for whatever reason, no other company chose to provide a trophy for the International Land Plane Free-For-All.

     Clegg sent Livingstone  to the Webb C. Ball Co. where he purchased a  large loving cup for the sum of $25 plus $10 for the engraving.

Cleveland Press Archives (CSU)

 With the major success of the 1929 races in Cleveland, including Doug Davis winning the cup in a civilian Travel Air, Livingstone and Clegg suggested to Charles E. Thompson that a sanction be obtained from the National Aeronautic Association to establish a permanent Thompson Trophy and this was done.

     A deed of gift for the Charles E. Thompson Trophy was drawn up along with a set of flexible rules to apply to the race. Mr. Thompson felt most trophies, were very poor and incorrect from a standpoint of art. Fred Witt wrote a remarkable description of the symbolism and inspiration the company felt the trophy should express.

     Dr. Henry Turner Bailey, a national art authority, suggested the company contact four notable United States sculptors to prepare clay sketches. Dr. Bailey, aided by a committee of Orville Wright, David Ingalls, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Aeronautics, Hon. F. Trubee Davidson, Assistant Secretary of War for Aeronautics; and Col. Clarence Young, Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Aeronautics, would judge the sketches. When the five plaster sketches were received, Livingstone took them first to Dayton, Ohio for Orville Wright to judge, he than took them to Washington DC for the Secretaries opinion and than back to Dr. Bailey in Cleveland.

                                                             Sinz and adj model sm.jpg (49978 bytes)




   Unanimously, the five judges chose the design submitted by     
   Walter A. Sinz, of Cleveland, as the most appropriate. This work
   was excellent in workmanship and rich in idealism and significance.





    The trophy was fashioned of bronze, mounted on a black  marble base. It represented Icarus, the first man to
fly,  according  to Greek  mythology, with  wings  spread, facing skyward, symbolizing  man's  ever-constant
    desire to fly. A tapered cliff rises behind Icarus, suggesting man's progress in conquering the air throughout
    the centuries. In bas relief about the cliff are sculptured epochal milestones in man's attainment of great
    speeds. Above  the cliff are  billowy  clouds, perched eagles, and  a rising sun; and surmounting  all  is the
    high-speed airplane that won the last years Thompson Trophy Race.   (Note: this was done for two years
    and than was discontinued). Names of the winning pilots were to be engraved on the ten shields mounted
    beneath the clouds.   


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Trophy plaque.jpg (47604 bytes)

     According to the terms of the deed of gift, the trophy was to be in competition for at least ten years, after which it could be retired or continued at the discretion of the National Aeronautic Association. It was to be awarded annually to the foreign nation, department of government service, organization or chapter of the National Aeronautic Association represented by the winning pilot,  (a plan never actually followed) to be properly exhibited until one month prior to the date it is next competed for. He also posted an endowment fund with the National Aeronautic Association, interest on which will be used to annually purchase gold, silver and bronze plaques of the trophy, to be awarded to the first three pilots in the race.  Upon the trophy being retired, this fund would revert to the National Aeronautic Association for the use as that organization saw fit in the promotion of aeronautics.       .


Senz and large model sm.JPG (88006 bytes)

Walter Sinz later prepared two ten-foot models of the trophy to
be used at various sites to promote the race.


     Mr. Thompson expressed the wish that the prize money for the event also be consistent with its importance, with other awards made in similar circumstances, and in keeping with the ideas of the National Aeronautic Association. To carry out this intention, Mr. Thompson volunteered an amount, equal to the sum posted by the Chicago Air Race Corporation for the first flying year of the race. This body appropriated $5,000 and Mr. Thompson contributed a like amount, bringing the total prize money to $10,000, more than had ever been posted for an air speed contest.

    The Thompson was an unlimited race in that there were no physical restrictions placed on the airplane as to engine size, number of engines, etc., although a qualifying speed had to be met. Later a restriction was included that said no women were allowed to enter.

     Several days before the 1939 Thompson Trophy, Hitler’s troops marched into Poland and World War II started. Also the deed of gift from Charles Thompson expired and no one could foresee the resumption of the National Air Races.

     World War II ended in August 1945 and the nation, tired of the horrors of war, wanted the return of things that were normal prior to the war. Race organizers decided to resume Labor Day weekend 1946.

     The quantum leap in speed of the military fighters could not be matched by civilian-built race planes and the race pilots turned to ex-military surplus fighters. Also, the development of the jet powered airplanes with their higher speeds interested the race officials.

     It was decided to have two divisions of the Thompson Trophy race. One for piston powered engines and one for jet powered. This presented two problems for the Thompson Trophy sponsor: one, Roscoe Turner, three time winner of the trophy refused to relinquish it; two, with the addition of a jet division, two trophies were now needed. Fortunately, the mold for the original was found and two new ones were cast. The trophy’s name at the base was changed from "Charles E Thompson Trophy" to "The Thompson Trophy" and a small placard for the "R Division" and the "J Division" was added to the respective trophy.

     The post-war National Air Races were held in Cleveland from 1946 to 1949 with local pilot Cook Cleland winning the Thompson Trophy "R Division" twice. The Air Force flew the "J Division" races. Thompson Products retained both of the Trophies and donated the "R Division" trophy to the Crawford Auto Aviation Museum in Cleveland. The "J Division" trophy was donated to the Air Force Museum at Dayton, Ohio. Roscoe Turner’s, Charles E Thompson trophy was donated to the National Air & Space Museum by his wife Madonna, soon after his death.


1929* Cleveland Doug Davis Travel Air   29 194
1930 Chicago Speed Holman Laird   77 201
1931 Cleveland Lowell Bayles Gee Bee Z    4 236
1932 Cleveland Jimmy Doolittle Gee Bee R-1   11 252
1933 Los Angeles Jimmy Wedell Wendell-Williams   44 237
1934 Cleveland Roscoe Turner Wedell-Williams   57 248
1935 Cleveland Harold Neumann Howard Mr Mulligan   40 220
1936 Los Angeles Michel Detroyat Caudron C-460 100 264
1937 Cleveland Rudy Kling Folkerts Sk-3 301 256
1938 Cleveland Roscoe Turner Turner LTR   29 283
1939 Cleveland Roscoe Turner Turner LTR   29 282

                                                      Post World War II

1946 Cleveland Alvin "Tex" Johnston Bell P-39 Q   84 373
1947 Cleveland Cook Cleland Cosair F2G   74 396
1948 Cleveland Anson Johnson NAA P-51-D   45 383
1949 Cleveland Cook Cleland Cosair F2G   94 397

                           Post World War II National Air Races Military Speed Dashes

1951 Detroit Colonel Ascani F86-E USAF 635
1953 Dayton Brig. General Holtoner F86-D USAF 690
1954 Dayton Captain Sonnenberg F86-H USAF 692
1955 Edwards AFB Colonel Hanes F100-C USAF 822
1956 China Lake NAS Commander Windsor F8U-1 USN 1015
1957 Majave Major Drew F101-A USAF 1207
1958 Edwards AFB Captain Irwin F104-A USAF 1404
1959 Edwards AFB Major Rogers F106-A USAF 1525
1961 Edwards AFB Major Confer 
Major Weir     Navigator
Capt  Bialas  DSO
B-58 USAF 1284


* Thompson Cup



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